Reports

Local public transport networks and governance structures: an analysis on the European tariff integration systems

Local public transport networks and governance structures: an analysis on the European tariff integration systems

Anno: 2010
Autore: Gianluigi Mangia, Ernesto De Nito, Paolo Canonico and Mario Pezzillo Iacono

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The aim of this research is to analyse governance models for tariff integration systems in the
local public transport sector both in Italy and in some regions of Europe. In particular, it aims
to study and compare coordination models chosen by the key players, their role (especially
that of the political policy-driver) and the degree of decisional centralization/decentralization
within the network For this purpose ten case studies will be presented and compared in the
paper. Data was collected through direct (semi-structured interviews and structured
questionnaires) and indirect sources (analysis of internal documents). The analysis brings to
light two organizational models for governance: the focal organization and the agency model.
The intention of this paper is to provide strategic and operative considerations for designing
governance structures for tariff integration systems.

INTERORGANIZATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS IN ITALIAN LOGISTIC PLATFORMS: THE ROLE OF META-LOGISTIC OPERATORS

INTERORGANIZATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS IN ITALIAN LOGISTIC PLATFORMS: THE ROLE OF META-LOGISTIC OPERATORS

Anno: 2008
Autore: Paolo Canonico, Marcello Martinez and Gianluigi Mangia

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The logistic system as an element giving a competitive advantage to individual organizations and
business firm systems alike, is now becoming increasingly relevant (Håkansson e Persson, 2004).
In particular, logistic platforms (in Italian, interporti) carry out a highly central role in the Italian
economic system, in that apart from facilitating interconnections between various transport modalities,
also facilitate the role of ports as links joining up overland routes with sea routes (Boscacci F., 2003).
Many logistic studies, and more generally studies relating to supply chain management adopt a
systems-type perspective, in which continuous interaction takes place between actors and activities
characterizing the system and bringing about its success. In this sense, as Christopher claims (1992),
“real competition is not [any more] company against company but rather supply chain against supply
chain” (p.14).
The aim of the paper is analysing the activities carried out within the logistic platforms infrastructures,
amongst which a leading role is played by a certain special typology of actor, defined as Meta-Logistic
Operators (MLOs)

Organisational models of notified certification bodies in the transeuropean railway system: isomorphic pressures and allomorphic responses

Organisational models of notified certification bodies in the transeuropean railway system: isomorphic pressures and allomorphic responses

Anno: 2006
Autore: Marcello Martinez and Paolo Canonico

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Regulatory and normative factors may affect the adoption of a specific organizational form, beyond the rationality that would suggest the selection among those derivered by practice as plain technical solutions.
New institutional theory points out the tendency for organizational forms to be deployed under the pressure of external and environmental conditions, regardless of their efficiency implications. It also emphasizes the role of social pressures imposed on organizations that influence organizational practices and structures.
An articulated area of research in which verifying the adoption of alternative organisational structures may be providedby Notified Bodies, certification organisations operating in the European railways business system and established during the implementation phase of EU directives on trains interoperability.